Note- All information is from 1916 until today.
Brief Political and Historical synopsis:
(CIA World Fact Book)
In 1783, the Sunni Al-Khalifa family took power in Bahrain. In order to secure these holdings, it entered into a series of treaties with the UK during the 19th century that made Bahrain a British protectorate. The archipelago attained its independence in 1971. A steady decline in oil production and reserves since 1970 prompted Bahrain to take steps to diversify its economy, in the process developing successful petroleum processing and refining, aluminum production, and hospitality and retail sectors, and also to become a leading regional banking center, especially with respect to Islamic finance. Bahrain’s small size and central location among Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors.
The Sunni-led government has long struggled to manage relations with its large Shia-majority population. In early 2011, amid Arab uprisings elsewhere in the region, the Bahraini Government confronted similar pro-democracy and reform protests at home with police and military action, including deploying Gulf Cooperation Council security forces to Bahrain. Political talks throughout 2014 between the government and opposition and loyalist political groups failed to reach an agreement, prompting opposition political societies to boycott parliamentary and municipal council elections in late 2014. Ongoing dissatisfaction with the political status quo continues to factor into sporadic clashes between demonstrators and security forces.
Religions and Populations:
Most of the population of Bahrain is concentrated in the two principal cities, Manama and Al Muharraq. According to the 2010 census 70.2% of the population, including non-nationals, are Muslim and over 99% of Bahraini population are Muslim.
||Descendants of Africans, primarily from East Africa and of mostly Sunni faith
|Ajam of Bahrain
||Persians of Shia faith, a minority are from the Bahai faith.
||Putative indigenous inhabitants of Bahrain, however this is disputed between scholars.
The overwhelming majority are Shia Arabs.|
||Indians who traded with Bahrain and settled before the age of oil (formerly known as the Hunood or Banyan, Arabic: البونيان), of mostly Hindu faith
||Jews have inhabited Bahrain for centuries. Most native Bahraini Jews are of Mesopotamian and Persian descent.
||Sunni Arabs from Persia
||Urbanized Sunni Bahrainis of Bedouin ancestry, such as the Utoob, Dawasir etc.
Military Organization & Armament
Law Enforcement Organization & Armament
Terrorists, Rebels, and Insurgents
Civilian Legal Small Arms Market & Usage
Civilian Black Market
Country Import (Civilian & Military/LE)
Indigenous Small Arms Companies